Search wood mobilisation projects
The SIMWOOD pilot project in NRW demonstrates how forest land consolidations can enhance the land ownership structure of small-scale private forests and reactivate the forest use. Based on the unique legal framework of the Community Forest Act GWG of NRW, this special consolidation achieves a legal merger of community forests and private owners into a larger forest cooperative society, which goes beyond the readjustment of land parcels per single landowner. The degree of the merger and the benefits for collaborative SFM are thus enhanced compared to conventional land consolidations. Various supporting measures, such as road constructions, silvicultural improvements or landscape interventions are included to generate additional sustainable impacts in the region.
The pilot project reported here ran from 2014 to 2017 in France. Its objective was to favor wood mobilization in region “Auvergne” and evaluate the measure being implemented, namely capacity building of forest practitioners about sustainable logging practices in steep terrain and related forest management requirements. Based on regional context and local status-quo within the forest-based sector, attention was focused on this specific resource identified as being almost untapped: forest growing in steep terrain. For the latter, the “bonus” difficulties (topography, few forest roads, uncertainty on wood quality due to minimal silviculture…) adding up to the “usual” ones (ownership fragmentation, lack of infrastructures and human resources for logging operations…) are usually preventing wood mobilization.
The pilot project reported here was implemented from 2014 to 2017 in France. Its objective was to favor wood mobilization in sub-region “Franche-Comté” and evaluate the measures being implemented, namely capacity building about environmental friendly logging operations on sensitive soils. Forest owners are often reluctant to let the traditional machines (harvester, skidder and forwarder) work in their forest: they fear for the impacts of these quite heavy machines on the trees, on the soil, on the landscape… In fact, 25% of the forests stands are located on sensitive soils (hydromorphic soils, medium to poor bearing capacity especially when weather conditions frequently increase soil moisture content …). Most of the sensitive soils are in broadleaved stands located in the plains. The rate of 25% is often higher in the winter period because the weather is very rainy in this part of France and days below freezing degree become rare due to climate change. The “regional profile” Grand Est highlighted that there is a real need to find solutions to have low impacts on sensitive soil.
The Pilot Project (PP) reported here ran from 2015 to 2017 in France. Its objective was to favor wood mobilization and to evaluate the measure being implemented. Based on regional context and local status-quo shared by the local actors of forest sector, this project was focused on an area the Champagne Crayeuse. Indeed, due to low quality forest stand, heterogenic potentiality of the soil and relatively youth of the trees, this area was almost considered as unproductive. This has changed since the development of markets and of new machinery.
Energy from the forest (Sweden)
Forest fuel has a central position in our energy system today and Swedish forest fuel handling is in the forefront. Strong continued development is required to attain a future sustainable and durable energy system. At the end of 2011 Linnaeus University started a new three-year interdisciplinary R&D project within the area of forest fuel, “Energy from the Forest”. The project covers the whole forest fuel chain from felling to ash recycling and has a total budget of approximately 15M SEK. The province of Småland has large forest resources and is the region of Sweden which has the highest forest growth rate. Forest fuel plays an important role in the region’s energy supply and there is potential for further increased production and use. The project “Energy from the Forest” covers research within three areas: 1. Supply (forest projects); 2. Energy conversion (combustion gas and cleaning); and 3. Sustainability (ash recycling).The project aims to increase the energy supply from forest resources in a sustainable and durable manner. The project is carried out at three departments within Linnaeus University: Forest & Wood Technology, Bioenergy Technology and Environmental Science. A Reference Group is connected to the project and includes representatives from supporting industry, the Swedish forest agency and other experts with special competence from within the University. Supply / Forest projects The department Forest & Wood Technology at Linnaeus University is investigating what volumes of forest fuels can be extracted from the forest, both at national level and at regional and community level. Additionally it is investigating how large the energy losses are - from the handling process after felling to the fuel feeding stage at the combustion plant, where these losses occur, and where these losses can be reduced. In connection to the studies on energy losses the quality of the fuel and how to increase its quality are also being investigated. Simultaneously how to improve the measuring of quality and energy content of the different forest fuels are being strived after. The overall goal is to increase the production of forest fuel in a sustainable manner. Energy Conversion / combustion, gas cleaning Within this work package the goal is to develop combustion and gas cleaning technologies to facilitate the transition to new fuel fractions, such as green fractions and stumps. Three areas of research form this work package: • Fuel analysis and combustion properties • Combustion tests in commercial plants • Investigation of measuring and control technology Sustainability / Ash recycling Within this work package the goal is to increase and improve ash recycling in an environmentally friendly manner and, if possible, integrated with forestry and rejuvenation activities. A sustainable system with increased extraction of fuel, i.e. whole tree utilisation, requires that the nutritive content is recycled back into the forest through ash recycling. Today this occurs on a far too limited extent – new methods and systems are needed, for example ash recycling in conjunction with extraction of tops and branches. An interesting method is granulation of ash, giving an ash product with suitable mechanical and chemical properties. This work package concentrates on packing, distribution and unloading of agglomerate - developing and optimising the final part of the recycling process.
Funding: The project “Energy from the Forest” is financially supported by the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth
Even though Scotland has a rich woodland heritage and a very active forestry sector, the nature of the forestry industry is that it is cyclical and seasonal in its employment patterns and primarily focused on the economic utilisation of larger, predominantly coniferous sites. This is reflected in Lochaber where the forestry sector concentrates on the larger Sitka Spruce plantations, from both the point of view of management and markets. This leaves a substantial amount of forest that is not currently being managed; almost a quarter of the mapped woodland (19210 ha - 149 private owners) has never had grant or a felling licence nor do they have a long-term management scheme in place. 3759ha have no ownership or management data at all. In addition, many of the areas that do have management plans have significant areas of woodland that are not currently being managed. This includes woodland in public and private ownership.
Förderrichtlinie FORSTWEGR 2016 (Germany)
Opening-up of forests through construction and maintenance of forestry roads in Bavaria.
The target of this Pilot project, titled Thinning intensity influence in mixed forest stands, was to enhance wood mobilization in mixed forests by increasing silvicultural operations, taking account the impact of thinning in tree growth and mushroom production. To address the target in practice, an action plan was prepared through a series of interventions. So, firstly a marteloscope focus study installed at the heart of the region to serve as a demostration and training site, to conduct research activities and to insight by simulations on the tree selection impact on forest structure. As well as this, a thinning experiment was established middle aged Pinus plantations, managed to wood production, to test four different thinning intensities, which allow us know the best thinning intensity to reduce the uncertainty of the managers before carrying out thinning operations. On the other hand, mushrooms inventories were carried out to assess the effect of thinning intensity in fungal production. A mixed model was fitted and showed that, in Lactarius deliciosus productivity, in pole and in mixed stands, there were smaller productivity with higher stand basal area, therefore, competition has a great influence in the emergence of this species. Respect to the number of years after last thinning in mature stands, results showed that the more spacing in time, the smaller productivity of Lactarius. Besides, a new model for fungal productivity in Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) ecosystems was fitted. The model obtained is a useful tool to be used as guidelines for forest managers who wish to consider optimization of fungal production in operational forestry through silviculture.
The pilot project, developed by the SME Rural Development Initiatives Ltd (RDI) as part of the SIMWOOD project, was to support the mobilisation of timber from small and undermanaged woodlands by creating a marketing pull, working with local woodfuel producer-traders and small sawmills to adopt the "Grown in Britain" brand on their products, through a regionally focussed branded marketing campaign. Grown in Britain (GiB) is a positive movement designed to help create a sustainable timber-culture that connects people, companies and organisations to our woods and forests and the important environment they provide for people, wildlife and a thriving economy. It is a licensing scheme which shows that timber products are legal, sustainable and are from the UK. The scheme is primarily designed to increase the market share of locally grown timber and timber products to smaller scale and domestic consumers. It does not seek to replace existing established forest and supply chain certification such as FSC and PEFC.
The pilot project reported here has been implemented from 2014 to 2017 in Ireland. Its objective was to develop a new wood producer group to develop services and markets to mobilise timber in South and East Ireland and evaluate the measures being implemented: knowledge transfer, integrated harvesting and timber / biomass markets.
The joint research project "Climate protection by small private forests - for forest owners and society (KKEG)" aims to develop offers for the small private forests in Germany and to identify options for implementation, that sustainably improve the efficiency of timber production for small private forests as well as enhance the adaptation of forests to climate change and nature conservation. The joint R & D-project is divided into two subprojects: The practice-oriented Subproject 1 is carried out by wald-wird-mobil.de GmbH. The scientific Subproject 2 is carried out jointly by the Institute of Landscape Ecology and Nature Conservation Bühl, and the Thünen Institute of International Forestry and Forest Economics.
The focus of Subproject 1 is on the development of innovative, owner-oriented practice solutions for a better counseling and support of small-scale private forest owners. Special attention is paid to the demands of the increasing number of urban forest owners. New measures are developed in seven areas. All solutions are promoting efficient, sustainable forest management in small private forests as well as the consolidation of mobilization. In Subproject 2, the societal aims and the objectives of the small-scale private forest owners, with regard to measures for climate and nature protection and efficient wood-use, are determined. On this basis, concrete offers, tailored to the objectives of society and forests owners, will be developed. The experience gained in Subproject 1, regarding the address and management of small-scale private forest owners, are incorporated into the development of the offers in Subproject 2. Parallel to the development of the specific offers, the currently used support-instruments of the "Bundeslaender" and of private service providers are analyzed. Based on this, proposals to Subproject 1, concerning a more efficient implementation of the offers, will be made.
This SIMWOOD pilot project was launched in 2015 and ended in 2017. It was a regional project conducted in the Twente region (located in the province of Overijssel). The project focused on the opportunity that bundling of activities in Forest Maintenance would offer. One way to facilitate the bundling of these activities is through the development and use of a dedicated GIS-based biomass module. This biomass module was planned to be part of a larger management tool – CMS i- which is currently being implemented by the three organisations that own (or manage) large areas of forest in the Netherlands (Staatsbosbeheer, Natuurmonumenten and De12 Landschappen). Together these organisations manage 171,000 ha (out of a total of 374,000 ha) of forests in the Netherlands. These three organisation were the target of this pilot project. The project was implemented in close cooperation with Natuurmonumenten. The central idea of the project was to show the benefits of a biomass module to the three largest forest owners in the Netherlands, as well as owners of smaller forest plots, via a pilot project conducted in the Twente region. Benefits were expected to be a.o. lower costs of harvesting due to bundling of harvesting activities.
This pilot project ran from 2015 to 2017 in Catalonia (Spain). Its objective was to reinforce the buying and selling chains for woodchips via the promotion of local consumption of primary forest biomass for heat production for the local community. “Forest del Vallès” pilot project takes place in the county of Vallès Occidental (a region including 19 municipalities in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area). The forests (almost 19.000 ha) are dominated by Aleppo pine and are mostly private. The forests of Vallès Occidental is an undermanaged area that has relatively low productivity (on average, an annual productivity of <2m3/ha) and is quite vulnerable to climate change and wildfires. From 2006 to 2015 several measures were supported to overtake this situation: a) in 2006-2007 an “Analysis an Diagnostic of the Forests of Vallès Occidental” was drawn up; b) in 2012 a previous stage of the project was initiated as a Programme for forest fire prevention and for promoting the use of biomass for thermal energy; c) private forest owners started to show interest in improving forest management and wood mobilisation; d) the creation in 2015 of the County Service of Forest Biomass. The creation of this Service will allow public and private contracts to be drawn up to promote the installation of boilers and the establishment of woodchip Logistic Centre.
The project “Improvement of climate protection services of managed forests by collaborative management of small and micro private forests in North Rhine –Westphalia” aims to show means for a purposeful development of forests adapted to climate change by a sustainable and strengthened mobilization of resources. In particular approaches for collaborative forest management and the necessary frameworks and possibilities for implementation will be analyzed and implemented as examples in cooperation with private forest owners. Within this process instruments like voluntary exchange of land, consolidation of arable land and founding of forest cooperatives are to be offered and the possibilities for implementation are to be questioned. Therefore it is necessary to learn more about the forest owners’ goals, strengthen their concern to utilize their property and achieve additional value by a positive development.
The main aim of the SIMWOOD Pilot project named “Improvement of forest owners associations capacities for mobilization of wood from private forests” in model region Slovenia (whole county) has been to improve the performance, efficiency and internal organization of already established and newly established local associations of forest owners (FOAs) in the future aiming at higher mobilization of wood from private forests. Besides this specific aim, the pilot project has also targeted the whole private forest owner population in Slovenia in order to set the stage for further mobilization of forest owners in the field of cooperation and active approach to forest management.
Wood mobilization in the Food valley region (Netherlands)
The Food Valley wood mobilization pilot project was launched in early 2014 and ended in 2016. It was a regional project conducted in the Region Food Valley (located in the province of Gelderland). The project focused on the valorisation of wood from forestry and landscape maintenance. This combination was in itself a new element. The rationale behind this is that by combining these two landscape types, critical mass is achieved earlier, and harvesting is more cost-effective. The project focuses on increasing local supply from forest and landscape of a) low-quality wood chips for the regional project Bioenergy Valley to produce renewable heat for the city of Ede; b) high-quality wood chips for local small wood boilers; and c) roundwood for the production of wooden products. By bundling activities it was envisaged that the high costs of forest and landscape maintenance can be brought down, so that maintenance becomes viable again; especially for smaller plots. The project targeted the public and private forest owners in the Valley region, as well as owners of landscape elements such as municipalities and agro-nature associations. The central concept of the project was that by forming a collective, and through the increased coordination because of that, economies of scale could be attained, reducing costs for maintenance and harvesting which increase the economic viability of maintenance and harvesting operations.
The research activities in the Småland model region have consisted of a focus study followed by a pilot project. Six Regional Learning Labs have been conducted where regional activities have been discussed. A video was produced as a result of the outcomes from the pilot project and has been used to disseminate the results. The impact of the video has also worked as a basis for the evaluation. A regional seminar “The bioenergy day” was organised each year over the duration of the SIMWOOD project. A final conference was jointly organised by the regional lead partners and the model municipality, Uppvidinge. The regional measures for increased mobilization of wood has been focused on two target groups: forest owners and practitioners. The measure to disseminate results in order to affect the forest owners attitude to extract forest residues has been carried out, primarily with the help of seminars and excursions. The most effective way to influence the willingness of the practitioners in their practical operations by fine tuning their machinery, was carried out primarily via the video. The regional activities have been facilitated by the well-established collaboration between various regional stakeholders. The SIMWOOD initiative has strengthened this regional collaboration and secures the relevance in the forestry research. The main video in Swedish: Effektivare skogsbränslehantering https://youtu.be/FSQSy84jgFQ. The main video in English: Extractions of forest residues in Sweden https://youtu.be/KBn4e_5otYA Three videos for the target group practitioners: 1) Skolavsnitt: Avverkning med skördare https://youtu.be/SRMX0grSXUA; 2) Skolavsnitt: Skotning https://youtu.be/eC_u4BST1EE; 3) Skolavsnitt: Flisning https://youtu.be/EjFmgzSTXKM
KoNeKKTiW is a joint project that aims to support the forestry sector overcome hindrances that currently inhibit the further development and adaption of forest ecosystems to changing climate conditions. We employ methods such as capacity building, social learning and proactive risk management to reclaim existing knowledge and make it suitable for implementation in the practice. Because knowledge alone does not inevitably lead to action, awareness-raising is essential to sensitize decision-makers to the necessity of proactive risk management. The establishment of a “Climate Change and Transformation” Community of Practice (CoP) helps to keep the thematic on the agenda even in periods without urgent crisis, so that prevention measures receive the necessary attention. In case of natural disturbances, forest personnel and forest owners will be supported using publicly available sources to resolve the crisis quickly and in a controlled manner; e.g. the online manual “Adaption, Risk and Crisis Management”.
The Urbión region has a strong forestry tradition with a large number of industries related to the wood industry. For this reason, it’s been characterized by a long history in wood mobilization. Traditionally, the management of young forest in the area consists of a non-selective early-thinning approximately at 10 years of age (Ho = 6 m) in which a 75% of the standing biomass is extracted combining the creation of forest trails and the early-thinning between trails chopping the wood debris on-site and leaving them on the forest. The actual demand is focused in wood panels, timber for pallet, and biomass (including firewood). However, the biomass created from the early-thinning is not extracted from the forest because its economic balance is negative (the cost of extraction exceeds the value of the product). The objectives of this Pilot Project are: to enhance wood mobilisation in young mixed forests by trying to convert non-commercial silvicultural operations into neutral or commercial thinning developing a more cost-effective silviculture and to evaluate different harvesting alternatives.
The exact border demarcation of one’s own forest property is a basic piece of information if the owner wants to operate legally there. That is why the Land of Thuringia started project “GPS-border identification on own-initiative”,GPS-Grenzfindung in Eigenregie, was initiated in 2015. Five forestry merges could be equipped with GPS-technology. These, in turn, can offer their members a very attractive service, which could help to recruit new members for their own growth. Forestry merges are professionally supported by staff of the “Promoting private forests in Thuringia”,Privatwaldförderung Thüringen, that is offering GPS-border identification for many years. The need of GPS-border identification is still high.
The pilot project reported here ran from September 2016 to June 2017 in France. Its objective was to favor wood mobilization in the Soissonnais Marnais through promote forest owners’ interest in forest management. Based on regional context and local status-quo shared by the local actors of forest sector, this project was focused on an area the Soissonnais Marnais. Indeed, the forest land of this area is characterised by small properties highly fragmented, where local professional foresters has few contact with owners.However, this forest can have interesting economic value due valuable broadleaves, such as oak and ash, growing in this area.
The proposed project aims at achieving the policy objectives of the EU environmental management promoting the improvement of marginal scrub forests by obtaining solid biofuels and thus to achieve the EU objectives in relation to the environment: climate change, forest management and renewable energy. The project aims to reduce the risk of forest fires by obtaining sustainable solid biofuels from shrub lands of high flammability risk by using innovative methods of management and harvesting in forests that are not enough known in Southern Europe. For the purpose of a reliable demonstration, four areas have been selected in the regions of Castilla-Leon and Galicia to put in practise the most adequate and environmentally sound systems for scrub biomass management and to serve as reference for the extension of technology and demonstrated methods to other areas
The project aims to create an added value from "Allgäu-Holz", or Allgäu-Wood. The subsidised project shall establish a coordination center for the value- chain-wood. This starts from the forest owner, goes over the sawmill to carpenters, architects and home builders. In addition, the regional origin of the wood shall be certified. The label "AllgäuHolz" is to be established. As in this project, it is an important task for regional development to support, where tasks alone can no longer be maintained without professional structures. With the certification of "AllgäuHolz" also the brand "Allgäu" can be supported as a label for regional products.
My Forest (Mein Wald) (Germany)
The online platform www.mein-wald.de “My Forest” is a Bavarian initiative which is supported by the Land of Bavaria and the Forestry and Wood Cluster Initiative GmbH Bavaria. The initiators of this platform support (unexperienced) private forest owners. The focus is on issues such as forest management and forest use.
The Alentejo region is located in the south of Portugal with a total area of 3,160,500 ha (34% of the total land area of Portugal). According to NFI5 (2005-2006), Alentejo has 44.74% forest cover out of which 95.42% corresponds to forest stands, with the remaining area being composed of burnt and harvested stands and of Other Wooded Land (OWL) (AFN, 2010). Around 45% of the forest area is covered with cork oak and 27% with holm oak (Quercus suber and Q. ilex, respectively) mainly managed as agroforestry systems for cork and fruit production; 6.5% is covered with stone pine (Pinus pinea) also managed for fruit production. Maritime pine (P. pinaster) and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), wood production species, cover around 13% of the area with 4% and 9%, respectively (Fig 1). Eucalyptus and maritime pine wood demand has increased over the last decade and this increasing trend is expected to continue (Santos et al. 2013; CELPA, 2014). The main objective of the Pilot Project is to propose measures to increase wood offer, namely by increasing eucalytpus and maritime pine wood availability through afforestation and forest management using a ‘sustainable intensification’ concept, which requires forest managers to have a high degree of knowledge and skill, while at the same time stimulate the use and mobilization of wood from non-traditional species (stone pine and cork oak).
Talking Timber (Ireland)
Talking Timber is a series of promotional and marketing events directed at private forest owners. They are undertaken by Teagasc (The Agriculture and Food Development Authority) and also involve the Forest Service and IFFPA (Irish Forestry and Forest Products' Association). They commenced in 2012 and number of forest owners attending them since the concept was introduced has increased to 500 annually; with a total of 2515 forest owners attending since the project's inception. In any one year a number of events are held in different venues throughout the country; each event is similar in format, with different speakers at each venue. There are three elements to each event, outdoor timber display on timber quality, a conference element and then a networking element, where forest owners can meet industry members on a one to one basis. Forest owners are invited to attend. Approximately 20 stands at each venue representing the local forest industry are present.
Inno4Wood (Austria, Germany)
Inno4Wood is an INTERREG-program between Bavaria and Austria and should lead to simplifications in the wood-value-chain among wood-enterprises which contains topics like know-how, research results, development results, exchange of experiences and expertises. The program should also strengthen the willingness to innovate as well as the innovation performance of the wood processing industry.
Forestry in the Northeast region is in general poorly developed. With the exception of sweet chestnut agroforestry systems that are managed actively for the production of chestnuts, forest systems, despite their abundance, do not receive much attention from owners or from regional and local stakeholders. Their importance in the economy of the region is thus apparently low. However, there is evidence that forests in the region supply a large array of ecosystem services, some of which with market value, what indicates that these forests not just have high actual importance but also that have the potential to become relevant as sources of products and ecosystem services in the near future. Major constraints such as lack of awareness of the importance of forests, lack of mobilization policy and management strategies at the regional/local scale, lack of information and tools for planning and management, and ownership related issues, among other, limit local use of forests as sources of resources and as promoters of development in the region.
Forest Owner Discussion Groups (Ireland)
Gathering forest owners into local forums. Forest owner discussion groups are facilitated by Teagasc locally to facilitate peer learning and collaboration. Representatives of the groups also meet annually to compare development. Teagasc are in a unique position to be able to engage with local forest owners and build their capacity to develop a local group. It is based on an initial willingness in a core group locally to engage and sustain the group. A challenge is to progress groups to a commercial / sustainable level and mobilise timber. One of the main causes of success is the bottom up approach, led by local forest owners and supported by local Teagasc development officers. 26 discussion groups were developed originally and some have evolved commercial aspects, some have engaged actively in forest management and a number of groups have merged towards economy of scale.
This Pilot Project ran from 2015 to 2017 in Catalonia (Spain). Its objective was to explore new tools for mobilizing wood in a collaborative way without putting the conservation values of the sensitive forests at risk. In Catalonia, CREAF carried out the ‘Singular Forest Inventory’ which was aimed at identifying the forests with the highest conservation values in the region. These forests, which represent a small percentage of the total forest area, are not currently protected by any specific legal entity even though large parts of them are included within protected areas (including Natura 2000). Many of these ‘Singular Forests’, both public and private, have a forest management plan which allows for timber harvesting. Property rights are becoming a controversial issue in these forests, with questions being raised about whether timber harvesting puts the conservation value of these forests at risk. This situation of potential clash of interests exceeds strictly the scope of Singulars Forests and would be generalizable to other protected areas of Catalonia. Actually, the stakeholder involved with timber production identified the nature protection policies (more than 30% of the land area in Catalonia is protected) as one of the main barriers to increase wood mobilization.
Rural Development Forest Owner Projects (Ireland)
This project is about supporting forest owner discussion groups with a facilitator to develop the group commercially and mobilise timber. This involved grants from the Rural Development Programme, for facilitators to develop producer groups, build up inventories and to plan mobilisation of timber. Local discussion group committees directed the work of the facilitators, who were supported by the wider membership in collating data for the group. Grants varied in each county from 6 months to three years with varying levels of success. Much of the work was duplicated across groups. Much of the work resulted in the development of forest inventories for members of local discussion groups in addition to formal training courses and field days. Challenges included inadequate economy of scale to engage contractors, marketing timber and duplication of effort and lack of standardisation. Many discussion groups started to evolve into a commercial producer group and plan for timber mobilisation.
Förderrichtlinie WALDFÖPR 2015 (Germany)
Silvicultural measures in the areas of cable crane system within protected forests, natural regeneration, first afforestation and reforestation, soil management, integrative forest management, forest conversion, etc.
Vulcan Ecosysteme Project (Ireland)
This project is about encouraging collaboration to develop sustainable supply chains for biomass delivery. The objective was to encourage the collaboration of four groups into one group in order to supply woodchips to a factory boiler under Danone's global Ecosysteme project. Results were the development of standard operating procedures for all activity, from site development and harvesting to biomass deliveries. Furthermore, inventories were made available in order to prioritise sites and harvesting towards the local biomass market that is part of the Vulcan project. Challenges for contractors were initially a new harvesting method; avoiding depots, which meant chipping pulp; and delivering directly from the sites. Clustering of harvesting sites secured machinery, biomass contracts secured chipping and haulage contractors, added value biomass generated more income for forest owners. Biomass contracts increased. This propelled the producer group into commercial activity and collaboration to mobilise timber and meet contracts.
Förderrichtlinie FORSTZUSR 2015 (Germany)
Services of forestry mergers are substantially financed by the Land of Bavaria. Better performing mergers lead to more effective support and advice for owners of small forests.
Certification pilot (Ireland)
This project is about piloting a producer group certification scheme with two producer groups for future access by all forest owner groups. It was organised by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine in collaboration with existing producer groups with adequate member inventories and management plans to trial a certification scheme. The project is currently (2017) in its preliminary stages.
Wood Price Quarterly (Ireland)
An initiative, initially involving the Irish Timber Growers Association and University College Dublin whereby forest companies and consultants (who conduct timber sales on behalf of private forest owners) and forest owners are invited to submit details of their timber sales, in confidence to the contact person in the University who then compiles and prices and releases them to the Irish Farmers Journal and others. Prices are published every quarter
Agriforenergy 2 (Sweden)
AGRIFORENERGY 2 aims at connecting stakeholders from the supply & demand sides and fostering new bioenergy businesses in three specific sectors where action from farmers & forest owners is seen to contribute most efficiently towards the EU bioenergy objectives: biomass heating, pure vegetable oil and biogas/bio-methane. The project applies to Småland and seven other European regions. The targets are: 1) Support the establishments of agreements between farmers and consumers for new wood-energy plants; 2) Promote decentralized PVO production & use as a transport fuel; 3) Promote biogas from agricultural wastes, whether in direct combustion for heat/electricity or bio-methane for cars; 4) Establishing and training regional coordinators able to support efficient biomass business opportunities; 5) Dissemination of project results and good practices to regions with significant untapped bioenergy potential, across and beyond target countries.
Funding: Intelligent Energy Europe
The target groups are: - Farmers and forest owners - Forest entrepreneurs, operating biomass machineries - SME - small and medium sized enterprises - Public and municipal authorities - Kindergartens, schools, residential housing organizations.
Woodland Improvement Scheme (Ireland)
A grant scheme covering up to €750 per ha to cover marking and supervision of thinning.
BioVill - Market uptake of existing and emerging sustainable bioenergy (Austria, Croatia, Germany, Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia)
The main objective of the H2020 project BioVill, is to develop regional bioenergy concepts in selected target countries Slovenia, Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia and Romania, up to the investment stage in order to become bioenergy villages in cooperation with partners from countries with established bioenergy markets: Austria & Germany. The project fosters the development of the bioenergy sector in target countries by strengthening the role of locally produced biomass as a main contributor for energy supply on the local level, considering opportunities of market uptake or expansion for local farmers, wood producers or SMEs. Core activities of the project are: - Analysis of the national and local framework conditions. - Assessment of technological and economic options for local bioenergy value chains. - Development of the institutional set-up and energy management concepts for the potential bioenergy villages. - Build-up capacities and strengthen know-how on financing schemes and business models. - Implement a multi-stakeholder approach and foster the involvement and active participation of the citizens and stakeholders in the planning and implementation process.
Web Platform: Florestas do Nordeste (Portugal)
The web platform called Florestas do Nordeste (in Portuguese) was developed to be a vehicle of knowledge transfer between the researchers and the different stakeholders. This platform allows showing different information and accesses to the tools generated under the umbrella of the Simwood FP7 project for the Nordeste region. Also is the window to show forest news, courses, workshops and the regional council of Nordeste.
BIOMASSUDPLUS - Developing the sustainable market of residential Mediterranean solid biofuels (Austria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey)
The overall objective of this H2020 project is to develop integrated solutions to promote the sustainable market for Mediterranean solid biofuels for residential heating by developing and extending a quality and sustainability certification system, by assessing the existing barriers and identifying solutions with emphasis on the sustainability and quality control systems, and by the development of sustainable biomass resources information databases as an alternative to foster the identification of sustainable solid biofuels supply chains. The targets are: - Spread the BIOMASUD® quality and sustainability certification system for solid biofuels for the residential heating sector to all Mediterranean countries participating. - Extend the BIOMASUD quality and sustainability certification system to important and widely used biofuels in the residential sector. - Improve the BIOMASUD® sustainability requirements. - Make a quality assessment of the present most important solid biofuels in the markets of the Mediterranean countries. - Characterize the emissions and efficiencies of commercial biomass boilers and stoves. - Make an assessment of the present state of the solid biofuels market in the residential sector of the Mediterranean countries. - Extend the BIORAISE GIS biomass resources information system to all the Mediterranean participant countries. - Promote the use of sustainable conditions for biofuels production and use by means of adequate dissemination. The main target groups are: - Biomass producers and distributors - Laboratories - Certification bodies - Inspection bodies
The project's essence is the formation of a collective of forest owners (large and small) to harvest biomass and supply it to local bio-energy suppliers in the Salland region of Overijssel (The Netherlands). The project was initiated in 2012 and is still functioning to this day. Rationale and solution Forest ownership in Salland is fragmented, and there are may small-plot owners. Maintenance and harvesting costs are therefore high, and especially forest residues are underused. Barriers are a.o. logistics, the availability of harvesting equipment Via a collective approach bundling can occur and costs can be brought down, so that the biomass residues can be harvested and supplied to bio-energy producers. The project has never been formally evaluated; however, given the fact that the collective is still functioning, the success is obvious.
Stoken op Streekhout (Germany, Netherlands)
The project period was from 2009 - 2011. The main objective of the project was to increase utilisation of landscape elements (small forest plots, line plots, etc.) by harvesting biomass for use in small boilers. Dutch partners were: the nature organisations ‘t Onderholt, PAN en VAN Berkel & Slinge (all private), the organisation 'Natuurlijk Platteland Oost' (private). German partners were all public: Kreise Grafschaft Bentheim, Steinfurt, Warendorf, Coesfeld en Borken.
The project lists as accomplishments: 1)Maintenance of landscape element in 30 municipalities; 2)25 SMEs participated; 3)15.000 m3 of wood chips have been harvested; 4)Educational sessions and workshops on harvesting methods, wood-fired boilers, etc; 5)Studies on biomass potentials in the region Furthermore it is claimed that the interest into use of local wood residues for heating has improved because of the project. After the project a collective was formed, called VALA. This collective, which is a merger of six agricultural collectives carries out a number of activities. It is however unclear if these activities also include wood harvesting and supply to boilers.
Funding: EU Interreg IVa, project 621
The pilot project ran from 2014 to 2017 in the south of Ireland. Its objective to was to increase the mobilisation of timber from conifer first thinning through a method called Integrated Harvesting which would in addition to mobilising more biomass would increase income for forest owners. Private forestry in Ireland is young by European standards. As such the mobilisation of timber from first thinnings requires the construction of a harvesting road. This combined with low revenue often means the first thinning operation is loss making and consequently forest owners will not thin. This SIMWOOD Pilot Project focused on increasing the yield from first thinning through the extraction of more biomass from the thinning through Integrated Harvesting. The Veon company experimented with the method to find the optimal solution and then created a Decision Support Tool and Guide for foresters and forest owners to help them decide if this method was suitable for their forest.
This pilot project aims at the activation of forest owners to engage them in sustainable forest management with special emphasis on alpine forest-functions. The project is located in the South-Western Region of Bavaria (“Allgäu”) and part of the Mountain Forest Initiative (BWO) Program. In our case we supported new measures in an existing BWO project (Grünten) that operates on a large forest area (2750 ha, of which 1386 ha are forests), mostly under private, small-scale ownership, and is conifer dominated, mountainous with steep terrain and a lack of access by forest roads.
This pilot project aims to activate forest owners to engage in sustainable forest management with special emphasis on forest-conversion due to climate change. The PP is located in the North-Eastern Region of Bavaria (“Oberfranken”) and part of the Eastern-Bavaria Forest-Initiative (WIO) Program. Generally, both cases, Bibersberg (26 ha) and Thiemitztal 150 ha), lie within the Fichtelgebirge/Frankenwald area, which is a large forest area with almost similar conditions: i.e. steep terrain, lack of access / forest roads etc. in many places. Several WIO initiatives have been/are implemented in this area of Bavaria.